Rolanda Elijah, director for the lands and environment for Chippewas of the Thames First Nation, argued provinces must approach the regulation of cannabis in First Nations carefully, engaging meaningfully and not presuming provincial law applies on-reserve. Elijah argued First Nations–provincial relationships can exist, and suggested First Nations look to the US and model their cannabis relations on “compact agreements” between states and tribal groups.
Policy Options

  • She argued the compacts do not challenge legitimacy of tribal rights to regulate within their borders, and that this acknowledgement of tribal sovereignty is the shortest route to province-First Nations agreements on cannabis, tobacco, and other issues. Such agreements would sidestep the complex dance of federal and provincial laws in First Nations.
    Twitter—Delbert Riley Jr.
  • The Anishinabek Police Service, supported by Batchewana Police Service (from the Batchewana First Nation of Ojibways), raided an on-reserve dispensary in Garden River First Nation, arresting two for future charges.
    CTV News, Twitter—Jordan Brant
  • No Ontario police force was involved in the raid—which makes it a great deal less legally complicated, since there is no question the APS and BPS had jurisdiction on reserve. That won’t make the raid any less controversial—especially since they were enforcing Ontario law.
    Twitter—Jordan Brant

Quick Hits

  1. US Customs and Border Protection said drug seizures have increased 190% at Canadian border crossings, and they blame legalization. The majority of the seizures have involved cannabis.